While an aircraft is designed to withstand a number of extreme weather conditions, some changes in weather can produce unprecedented turbulence, which in some cases, can lead to injuries to passengers and crew. For this reason, the airborne weather radar is a vital system that can be used to prevent the potential of these scenarios taking place. This system allows pilots to assess the intensity of convective weather, and makes adjustments to the trajectory of the flight. With this in mind, this blog will cover the advantages of the airborne weather radar as well as its basic operating principles.


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Autopilot systems are very useful tools for flight, allowing for a pilot to be relieved of various duties so that they may focus on what is most important. For large aircraft, Autopilot Flight Director Systems (AFDS) are quite common, combining multiple systems together. The capabilities of the AFDS may vary based on the type of system that is implemented, ranging from simple autopilot systems to ones that are quite complex. In this blog, we will discuss Autopilot Flight Director Systems, allowing you to better understand their use and features.


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Aircraft are advanced vehicles, capable of transporting individuals across the globe in times that were thought to be impossible before. Aircraft are also one of the safest ways to travel in general, this being due to the stringent regulations placed on their construction, operation, maintenance, and more. To ensure that an aircraft is safe and airworthy, they require regular inspections that are carried out at numerous intervals. The pre-flight inspection is the most commonly conducted type, carried out every operation prior to takeoff. As aircraft consist of numerous systems, apparatuses, and components that are spread across assemblies, it is crucial that pilots take advantage of pre-flight checklists for safety.


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Aircraft are composed of countless parts, all of which come together to create complex assemblies, machinery, and systems that enable the ability to undertake flight operations. As an aircraft mechanic or private plane owner, it is important to have the knowledge of various aircraft parts and how they may be maintained to uphold airworthiness. Additionally, one should also always have the correct tools on hand to accommodate a variety of job types, each of which may be used for varying operations. In this blog, we will provide a brief overview of the most common tools that all aircraft mechanics should own, allowing you to understand how they are used for standard aircraft maintenance procedures.


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Ice formation is a hazardous condition for aircraft, posing a risk to critical flight systems and the optimal operation of flight surfaces and controls. When formed on wings, ice can disrupt the flow of air, negatively impacting aerodynamics and lift to result in a less efficient flight. If allowed to cover a static port or a pitot tube, then pilots may even lose the ability to track certain flight characteristics, making flight operations extremely unsafe. As such, there are a number of equipment pieces known as deicing equipment that are used to remove ice from various areas of the aircraft. In this blog, we will provide a brief overview of the most common equipment pieces, allowing you to be aware of their advantages and disadvantages.


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Two of the most common propeller types are fixed pitch and ground adjustable propellers. Fixed pitch propellers get the job done but are nothing special, while ground-adjustable propellers force the pilot to choose between their performance during climb or during cruise. However, if a pilot wants more than decent performance from their propeller, or doesn’t want to have to pick between phases of flight to optimize, there is a third option: the constant speed propeller.


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During flight, pilots need to be aware of many system characteristics and conditions in order to safely and efficiently operate the aircraft. Across the various flight conditions that are tracked during a typical flight, pressure is an important characteristic that can have major effects on many systems. Ranging from hydraulic fluid pressure that ensures force for actuation to oil pressure that is paramount for proper engine lubrication and cooling, the pressure of various systems can have a great effect on the performance of the aircraft during flight.


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The turbofan is a common type of gas turbine engine that is implemented on aircraft for the means of propulsion generation. Unlike other types of gas turbine engines, the turbofan utilizes a ducted fan to accelerate air for increased thrust. Sitting between propeller engines and turbojets for their speed capabilities, turbofans are the most efficient when flying at 270 to 540 knots. As turbofans are common engine types for numerous aircraft, it can be very useful to understand how they are installed for the means of various assembly, repair, and overhaul procedures alike.


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There are many different choices when it comes to the ways in which power can be generated. Among the options are combustion engines, rotary engines, Stirling engines, and many more. However, when it comes to cogeneration, or the combined generation of electricity and other energy (particularly heat), some engines are better than others. In this blog, we will look at the reciprocating engine and analyze the benefits it provides in both power generation and cogeneration.


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A relay is an electrically operated switch consisting of a set of input terminals for one or more control signals and a set of operating contact terminals. The switch can have any variety of contacts in multiple contact forms, such as make contacts, break contacts, or combinations of the two. There are many types of relays classified based on their function, applications, configuration, structure, and more. This blog will look at the most popular types of relays.


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Within the electronics industry and electronic manufacturing, resistors serve as one of the most common parts of a circuit. As a passive electrical component, a resistor provides electrical resistance in order to mitigate current flow, divide voltages, change signal levels, and more. Due to their ability to control current and protect components, resistors can serve a variety of applications for electronics. As the oldest form of resistor, the wire wound resistor in particular is one that has served many applications reliably over the years. Though simplistic in its nature and construction, the wire wound resistor is utilized for a multitude of high power circuits, ranging in application from current sensing to space & defense products.


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When aircraft operate through cold winter months and hot summer days, the aircraft HVAC system is important for maintaining the comfort of passengers within the cabin. Beyond temperature control, providing a steady supply of air to the cabin also ensures that there is an optimal amount of pressure within the cabin, all while maintaining hygiene through the cycling of older air. In this blog, we will discuss the aircraft air conditioning system, allowing you to better understand how passengers are kept comfortable throughout a flight regardless of the environment outside.


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You might have taken note of a few things during your flight travels or when you gaze up at a night sky. The one thing you will definitely have noticed is that the aircraft is geared with a number of illuminating lights. If you are the more detail-oriented type, you might have even noticed that planes flash different sets of lights during landing and takeoff. If you’re an inquisitive type, you probably asked yourself what might the intention and design be behind this design, what does the positioning and different colored lights mean? If you are curious to find out or if you are entering the aircraft industrial industry and want to brush up your knowledge, read the article below and find out why such aircraft lights were put in place and how they air with flight crews.


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Air bearings, also known as aerostatic or aerodynamic bearings, are fluid bearings that utilize a thin film of pressurized gas to provide a low-friction, load-bearing interface between two surfaces. The two surfaces do not touch, therefore avoiding the traditional problems bearings face such as friction, wear, particulates, and lubricant handling. These differ from ball bearings, where the balls are in constant contact with one another and form a solid bridge between the machine elements. Air bearings offer a number of distinct advantages in precision positioning and high speed applications, where they lack backlash and static friction.


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Typically, a specific but basic light pattern is required of most marine vessels so that they can be used to show other boats where they are positioned during foggy weather and can among other things prevent boat crash incidents. In the same way that aircraft must have a specific set of patterned lights that alert neighboring aircraft of their position, so too do boats and other marine vessels have various navigational marine lights. For more information on this, read the article below. 


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There are several methods that can be taken with fire prevention and fire protection. Some simple yet complex methods include the water sprinkler systems. The water sprinkler system is a required necessity in any building as not having one could significantly impact fire prevention in a scenario where it would be desperately needed. Though they are an essential item to have in any building, it is also essential to understand the systems involved as well as some of the advantages and drawbacks of every material that ought to be assessed before installation. In this article, you can find more information for that below. . 


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When it comes to construction, early bridges and aircraft are similar in that a number of rivets are used for assembly and for securing infrastructure. In more recent years, many bridge builders have turned to welding instead, forgoing the rivet for new techniques. Despite this, aircraft continue to be manufactured with the use of aircraft grade rivet technology. This is due to the specific stressors and operations that aircraft undergo, requiring rivets to remain safe and intact.


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The design of a steam turbine is a very complex endeavor that requires in depth knowledge from many fields of engineering. The development of such a machine is a big investment that is important and crucial for the current economy climate. Micro gas turbines and steam turbines will continue to be present in the industrial manufacturing and aviation sector. The technological innovations currently being developed will continue to improve the efficiency and longevity of steam turbines. For a basic look on micro gas turbines and steam turbines, read on below. 


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We’ve discussed aviation lighting when it comes to commercial flight, but what we have not yet gone over are the lighting signals that can be found on helicopters. While a red and green light on a plane might mean one thing, it can signify something totally different on a helicopter. Read on below for more information on the lighting that can be found on helicopters


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Aircraft deicing is somewhat similar to how one might deice the windows of a car before driving. In concept they are the same, but in practice is where you start to see the differences. To understand those differences, it’s best to first establish what aircraft deicing is and why the need for aircraft deicing systems parts is so important. Aircraft deicing is a procedure involving the heating and applying of deicing fluid onto the aircraft windows and wings. The need is important because this procedures allows for the safe removal of ice or snow that has been frozen onto the aircraft and, if not removed, could compromise the safety of its next flight. 


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As electricity has become an integral part of our modern society, managing and distributing it safely is extremely important. If left unprotected or uncontrolled, electricity can be dangerous and damaging to structures and people. With these posed risks, securing and handling electricity correctly is critical. From the distribution system to each outlet in a house, there are a variety of safety devices and mechanisms in place for protection. Switchgears are a very important safety mechanism that hold features that can benefit a wide variety of applications.


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Motor soft starters allow an engine motor to start in low voltage conditions which allow for reverse control operations or multiple speed capabilities; this offers protection from overload faults and over currents. Normal motor starters (direct-on-line technologies or DOL) apply full current, voltage and torque immediately to the motor upon ignition. This basic form of motor starting increases stress on the shaft, motor and electrodynamic stress on the power cables and overall the entire electrical distribution network itself. The importance of a soft starter is to manage this voltage and in doing so protect the longevity of the electrical network and prolong electrical stability and quality. 


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When moving into a new residence or building for business, having a sufficient understanding of the installed electrical system can be very beneficial for when problems and issues arise. When needing to conduct repairs, reset breakers after a trip, or respond to any complication, familiarity with the circuit breaker is a crucial first step. This is due to the fact that the circuit breaker is what controls the electricity of different parts of your building. In this article, we will discuss how to properly chart out your building’s electrical system so as to organize and respond to any complication.


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Like most aviation parts, electrical connectors vary greatly depending on their intended applications. Choosing the right one will ensure that your electrical systems will function efficiently and reliably, without needing frequent repairs. Here are eight factors to consider when purchasing electrical connectors.


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There’s an ironic tidbit surrounding beacons, in that they are designed to be loudly bright and alerting, but often times go unnoticed by the average person. But for those to whom the beacons are meant, such as pilots, air traffic runway guiders, marine vessels coming into a harbor, and others, these beacons do stand out with a meaning significant to each one of them.


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Aircraft that operate in weather conditions where ice is likely to form must be provided with ice protection technology. This protection may be in the form of anti-icing systems, or deicing systems. An anti-icing system prevents the formation of ice on the airplane, while a de-icing system removes ice that has already formed. In this blog we will focus on deicing boots and TKS fluid systems.  


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Alarm systems onboard modern marine vessels are designed to help the ship’s crew handle or avoid an emergency as quickly and efficiently as possible. Emergency alarms are both audible and visual, to ensure that a person can at least listen to an audible alarm when working in an area where a visual alarm is not possible, and vice versa. Alarms are also standardized based on international agreements, so that no matter what the vessel is or what flag it sails under, the alarms will be the same. This blog will break down some of the most common types of alarms, and what emergencies they react to.


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Unmanned Vehicles are similar to cars yet getting a license for a car is far harder than obtaining a license for a drone. Because of their multiple forms and uses, the FAA has set out a strict set of guidelines that drone fliers have to comply with.


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Of the six million parts that are used to make a Boeing 747-800, aircraft fasteners contribute to half of that number. Fasteners play a vital role in the overall construction and completion of aircraft. They are used to assemble and hold together various parts of an aircraft in primary structure areas, pressurized/non pressurized applications, and to transfer loads from one part to another. A wide variety of fasteners are used in the build of an aircraft such as nuts, bolts, screws, clamps, rivets, and many more.


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The electronic components and wiring within an aircraft account for a considerable amount of space and overall weight. An average commercial airliner has a wire count of over 100,000, totaling up to 470 km of wires and a combined weight of 5,700 kg. Add an extra 30% of their weight that must also be incorporated due to the needed fixation structures, and you’ve got an excess weight problem begging for a solution. Wireless avionics intra-communications utilize radio communication systems that are installed on an aircraft, and they just might be the answer to the added load of electronic wiring components.


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Hydraulic systems are common in modern aircraft. Most aircraft involve hydraulics at least once in their flight cycle. A single hydraulic system or multiple hydraulic systems may be used depending on the size, weight, and complexity of the vehicle involved. Components that implement hydraulics in their function include thrust reversers, landing gear retraction, spoilers, and nose wheel steering.


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When it comes to aircraft lights, there’s a bit of ambiguity on all the rules and regulations. So, sometimes people don’t really pay any attention or care. Most pilots just do as they were taught. But that’s not good enough, so here’s a short explanation on the different lights.


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The in-flight cabin crew is responsible for more than just providing refreshments and a pleasant experience, they are responsible for the safety of all passengers on board! In fact, passenger safety is the reason behind creating the position of “cabin crew”. The first flight attendant was hired in 1930 and was a certified nurse. Her sole role was to ensure the health and safety of all passengers aboard the flight. The airline had noticed that the presence of a flight attendant during flight resulted in passengers feeling more relaxed and secure. This positive feedback led the way for all commercial airlines to hire flight attendants for in-fight safety. 


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